The ability to memorize and discriminate the actual source of a specific memory.
Have you ever heard a song and wondered where you heard it before? Contextual memory is the mechanism that allows you to remember this type of information.
The ability to execute more than one task at a time
When you’re cooking dinner and having a phone conversation at the same time, divided attention allows you to avoid burning up the soup, while you listen to the punch line of the joke your friend is telling you.
The degree to which the hand and eye are synchronized
When you’re threading a needle, your brain directs your hand to the proper place by interpreting the visual stimuli it receives.
The ability to ignore irrelevant information while performing a task
When you're at a restaurant having a conversation with a friend, your inhibition comes into play by filtering out background noise and visual distractions, allowing you to stay focused on your conversation.
The ability to recall and retrieve a word
You’re walking down the street and you see someone you met last year. You think for a brief moment before remembering his name and saying hello.
The ability to anticipate and develop the best way to execute a task
On those days when you have several errands to do, planning allows you to organize your tasks in a logical practical order so you can finish them all.
The ability to redirect your attention from one channel of information to another
If you’re reading a book and you hear the sound of your child or grandchild crying in the next room, you are able to interrupt what you’re doing and quickly shift your attention to the baby’s needs.
The ability to evaluate how things are arranged in space and investigate their relation to the environment
When you’re walking in a crowded street, your spatial perception allows you to navigate through the crowd without bumping into anyone.
Speed of Processing and Response Time
The ability to perceive a simple stimulus and responding to it
While you are fast-forwarding a vacation movie to show your friend a particular scene, your speed of processing allows you to quickly scan the images as they race by on the screen so you can press the "Play" button at the right moment.
The ability to respond in a flexible and adaptive manner in order to keep up with the changes in the environment.
During the period of road repairs, updating allows you to change your permanent route and use the new route home until the repairs are finished.
Auditory Short Term Memory
The ability to remember auditory information over a brief period of time (in the order of seconds).
When learning a to play an instrument, your Auditory Short Term Memory allows you to listen to the notes the teacher play and repeat it successfully.
The ability to find relevant information in your surroundings
When you arrive at a crowded restaurant, good visual scanning allows you to quickly locate and identify the person you’re meeting.
Visual Short-Term Memory
The ability to temporarily keep a small amount of visual information active and available in your memory
When you’re trying on clothes, you are able to mentally compare your image in the outfit you’re wearing now with the one you were wearing a few moments ago.
The span of information that can be manipulated while performing a task
As you listen to a story, you use your working memory to remember what you’ve already heard so you can understand the entire structure of the story.